Interesting new types of climate change models and anticipation methods are being developed in many frontiers

Interesting new types of climate change models and anticipation methods are being developed in many frontiers

Weak Signal's progress: nominated

This Weak Signal came from: 
European Commission Framework Programme for RTD

The theme/scheme related to this Weak Signal: 
IDEAS: Physical Sciences & Engineering

The sub-theme that best relates to this Weak Signal: 
Earth system science

Weak Signal's description 
PACEMAKER (Project Reference: 226600) discovered a new quantitative continental temperature proxy, the MBT index, which is based on the distribution of membrane lipids of soil bacteria. Their composition is a function of annual mean air temperature (MAT). These lipids are transported by rivers to the ocean and deposited in marine sediments. Computer models used to predict directions of future climate change are validated by means of retrospective analysis of past climate changes. Detailed reconstruction of past climates, especially temperature, is, therefore, of considerable importance. Several tools (proxies) are available to reconstruct absolute sea surface temperatures. Continental temperature reconstructions, however, are hampered by a lack of quantitative temperature proxies and, consequently, are often qualitative rather than quantitative.